A job description is a document that describes the tasks, duties, and responsibilities required for a specific job. All companies, no matter their size, should have job descriptions for all of their jobs.
Often, this document will be used during the hiring process to attract a pool of candidates. However, job descriptions serve a much broader purpose; they are essential in identifying the various employee attributes needed for the job. They are also one of the most widely used pieces of evidence during employment claims and are often used during performance reviews or during disciplinary actions when an employer is unsatisfied with an employee’s performance.
Job descriptions also provide both employer and employee clarity as to the parameters of the position. Because of this, job descriptions need to be carefully crafted and updated as a means of mitigating risks.
A title helps define the nature of the job and provides the employee with a sense of identity. In this summary, make sure to include the following:
Write a brief, but a concise statement, describing the purpose and objectives of the job in question. An effective statement describing the job's objectives and purpose will help applicants determine whether or not the position suits them.
List all significant job duties in order of most important to least important and provide indications as to the amount of time spent on each duty. Be sure to include any tools, equipment, and work aids required to perform the job.
Clarify job responsibilities and areas where duties may overlap–who is ultimately responsible for what. Outline any cash, tool, equipment, facilities, and budgets attached to the job.
Explain the nature and extent of supervision given and received as well as the level of authority over others. Clearly outline the consequences of errors and poor performance.
Provide a brief description of the quality of work environment, the types of hazards or dangers involved, the culture of the company and work. Outline the type of effort demanded by the job, such as physical lifting or mental demands.
Doing so will give prospective candidates an important idea of what the working conditions are like and what is required from them on the job, as well as help them determine whether or not they are the right fit for the job.
Clearly outline the job qualifications needed for the job. The section should include skills, training, education, abilities, experience, certificates, and licenses. The description should be detailed enough that prospective job candidates can determine whether or not they possess the necessary qualifications for the job.
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